A fall in old age can leave lasting trauma, here’s how to protect the elderly limb


The greatest risk faced by seniors is that of “physical fall”. These often happen accidentally, and all of a sudden. The statistics are frightening, as more than one in four people are reported to fall and injure themselves over the age of 65 every year, yet many of these go unreported.

While few seniors will have minor injuries like aches, bruises, or scratches, many will have serious injuries like hematomas (blood clotting) or broken bones in parts of the body, including the hip, wrist, shoulder. humerus, pelvis, face, or may even result. in head trauma (TMI).

Sometimes there may be several fractures and the patient may have to undergo several surgeries and stay in bed for months. As a result, life slows down dramatically without proper hospitalization, medication, and care. For those who cannot afford professional care due to financial resources, life often comes to a standstill.

The major factor is that when a person faces physiological problems, the fall can turn out to be disastrous and the patient can go into a shell. The most difficult thing is that after a serious injury, it becomes extremely difficult for an elderly person to recover from it or to regain old confidence.

One of the main reasons is that even for minor effects, the elderly may need medical attention, including hospitalization.

Another important factor is the psychological aspect, as many of them hear about injuries from friends and family, which forces them to make total lifestyle changes, including little exercise and little or no of movement outside the rooms of their living room or their comfort zone. .

These “deliberate acts of slowing down” sometimes have a negative impact by making them totally risk averse and more dependent on others (carers).

It takes away the natural beauty and the joys of happy aging. They continue to live in a “world of fear of falling”. Older people should be aware of the risks and disastrous consequences and try to take all possible measures to minimize such accidents.

Causes of fall:

Although some falls can be totally accidental, there are certain reasons why most of them happen. Some of the reasons could be:

Darkness is one of the main causes. Since many elderly people’s eyes may not be strong, they don’t see things properly stored in a room with dim light.

Triggering is the other cause. This often happens because of slippery floors, disorganized stored items, or worn-out slippers, among other similar reasons. Triggering also occurs suddenly when the person loses focus for a split second.

Get up from the bed being in a hurry or rushing to pick up a ringing phone can also sometimes cause falls in older people. As physical strength may not be sufficient in old age, any sudden physical movement can cause a fall.

Certain medical conditions have a direct relationship with the fall. Postural hypertension (an increase in blood pressure when changing posture), hypoglycaemia (decrease in blood sugar), a sudden drop in blood pressure (hypotension), medical conditions such as dizziness or dizziness balance, or the onset of mental disorders such as dementia or Alzheimer’s disease can cause a fall. As we age, our reaction time to an obstacle or hindrance drastically decreases, and this is one more reason for falls in the elderly.

Strategies to prevent falls:

Staying physically and mentally fit and agile allows us to be strong enough to fight physical and mental weakness and avoid falling at a minor roadblock.

Keeping the living room clean, organized and dry This will help an older person not face obstacles or feel slippery when moving around inside a room.

At least one light should also be on at night. It will help the elderly to see things well when getting up at night. This is important because many older people suffer from nocturia (frequent urination at night).

Older people should not try to climb on stools or chairs to put something on or take it off. At the same time, they should not try to cross a road in a hurry and wait their turn.

Older people should try to slow down their speed when getting out of bed, walking on the road or exercising to reduce unnecessary stress or pressure.

At the slightest physical discomfort, such as dizziness, etc., all precautions should be taken, including rest and consultation with a doctor.

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